Growing Sweet Corn from Sowing to Harvest

, written by Benedict Vanheems gb flag

Ripe sweet corn cob

There’s something pretty special about a handsome stand of homegrown sweet corn. But the real prize lies in harvesting it. Picking the cobs, then excitedly peeling back the sheath to reveal those full, creamy kernels is just magical! And there’s no better treat than cooking them straight away for the sweetest possible taste. If you fancy growing your own sweet corn this year, you’re in good company. Here are some tips to set you up for sweet success...

Growing Super Sweet Corn

Grow sweet corn in a spot that receives plenty of sunshine, in soil that’s been enriched with a lot of well-rotted organic matter such as compost. Corn’s lofty habit and feathery tassels makes it an attractive plant in its own right.

Hybrid varieties are usually the most reliable choices for cooler climates. If you want especially sweet cobs, then choose varieties described as such – many will even have the word ‘sweet’ or ‘sugar’ in the name.

How to Sow Sweet Corn

Corn loves the warmth and won’t tolerate frost. While the seeds may be sown directly outside once the soil has warmed up, the safest way to sow is into pots in the protection of a greenhouse, hoop house or cold frame. That way you can begin sowing three to four weeks before your last frost date and enjoy a head start on outdoor-sown corn – a huge advantage in shorter growing seasons.

Sow eight to ten seeds half an inch (1cm) deep into four inch- (10cm) wide pots. You can use any general purpose or seed-starting potting mix. Alternatively, sow into smaller pots or plug trays, sowing two seeds to each pot or module then removing the weakest of the two seedlings.

“Sweet
Sweet corn hates the cold and is best started off in a greenhouse, hoop house or cold frame

Keep pots moist as they grow on. Ideally they should be about six inches (15cm) tall by the time you’re ready to plant them outside. Harden off the plants as your recommended planting time approaches by leaving them outside for increasingly longer spells over the course of about a week.

How to Plant Sweet Corn

Sweet corn is wind-pollinated, so instead of planting them in a long row, set your plants out in a block for the highest chance of success. If the corn isn’t well pollinated, it will still grow but will be missing many of the kernels from the cob.

Remove your young plants from their pots, then very carefully tease their roots apart. Try to retain as much of the soil around the roots as possible. Now plant your sweet corn 18 inches (45cm) apart in both directions. Dig a hole for each plant, feed the roots to the bottom of the hole then firm the soil back in.

“Growing
Sweet corn is best grown in blocks rather than rows for the best harvests

Sprawling squashes make a great companion for sweet corn. The squash will carpet the ground and help suppress weeds as the sweet corn grows skywards.

Caring for Sweet Corn

Remove any weeds that pop up within your sweet corn by hand and continue weeding while you are still able to get between the plants. Sweet corn is sturdy and shouldn’t need supporting. It will appreciate watering in very dry weather, particularly from late summer as the tassels appear and the cobs begin to form.

“Sweet
Sweet corn is ready to pick when the tassels turn dark brown

When to Pick Sweet Corn

The cobs are ready to pick when the tassels at the end turn dark brown, usually around six weeks after first appearing. If you’re unsure whether a cob’s good to go, try the fingernail test. Peel back the top of the protective sheath then sink a fingernail firmly into a kernel. If it exudes a creamy liquid, it’s ready. If it’s not quite there the liquid will still be watery, and if there’s no liquid the cob is already past its best.

To harvest, twist the cob and pull it away. Aim to enjoy your harvested corncobs as soon as you can. Try it boiled or barbecued then served up with lashings of butter and pepper!

“Barbecued
Corn is sweetest cooked as soon as possible after harvesting

Do you know there are even some gardeners who swear by getting a pan of water on the boil before harvesting their corn so it can go from plot to pan in mere seconds? If you have tips for growing or enjoying super sweet corn, then please share them in the comments section below.

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Comments

 
"Does sweet corn have suckers? Each stalk has 2 stalks coming out. Don't know whether to remove or.leave them.Never seen this before."
Breysach Rebecca on Tuesday 10 July 2018
"Hi Breysach. Yes, sweet corn can produce suckers, which are called 'tillers' on corn. They're actually a sign that the plants are growing in good conditions, though can sometimes come about if plants are injured or damaged in some way, perhaps by hail or insect damage. Whether you leave them or not depends on your growing season. The tillers have the potential to grow on into full-sized stems, which may even produce bonus ears of corn, though this is very much down to chance and how long your summer is. You do not need to remove tillers - just leave them be. They aren't harming the plants and removing them risks harming the main stem. Let them grow on - they may come away naturally, or they may grow on to boost your harvest. Either way is fine."
Ben Vanheems on Tuesday 10 July 2018
"Can I use kernels from a store bought cob as seeds for next year's crop?"
Gerry Ring on Thursday 1 November 2018
"You could dry the kernels out to then store as seed, but the trouble with that is that the resulting seedlings may not come true to type - i.e. they may produce cobs nothing like the ones you bought. This is because a lot of commercially grown corn in hybridised, which means the seedlings are not like the parent plants because new seed must be specifically produced by crossing two types of parent plants, each and every season. There is also the risk that cobs may have been treated some way to extend shelf life, thereby compromising viability of the seeds. It's always best to start from seed sold specifically for sowing."
Ben Vanheems on Thursday 1 November 2018

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