Vegetables with self-fertile flowers including beans, peas, peppers and tomatoes benefit from sonication, or buzz pollination, by bumble bees. Instead of entering the blossom, bumble bees vibrate it to shake out a pollen reward.
Food and Habitat:
Bumble bees need large amounts of pollen and nectar, and species vary in the length of their tongues, which affects their ability to feed from various flowers. Most bumble bees nest in the ground, many in small colonies and others as solitary bees. Seldom-disturbed hillsides covered with grass or stone are preferred sites for nesting and overwintering. Many bumble bee species overwinter as adults, in snug holes dug 4 inches (10cm) or more into the ground. Habitat loss has led to huge declines in bumble bee populations in recent years.
Grow flowers to provide a long season of bloom, from spring through fall. In the garden, blue-blooming borage and comfrey are bumble bee magnets. Fall blooming sedums, asters and other wild flowers will help support strong populations late in the season. Avoid growing double-flowered varieties of ornamental plants as these limit the bees' ability to collect pollen and nectar. Watch your property for round holes in compacted, north-facing soil – a common sign that bumble bees have moved in to stay.