5 Golden Rules of Garden Planning

, written by Benedict Vanheems gb flag

Well-planned garden with paths

For many of us, the prospect of a new growing season signals a fresh start and the opportunity to grow our best harvests ever. But success isn’t guaranteed. Follow our five golden rules for garden planning and you’ll stand the best chance of reaping the bumper yields you deserve…

Rule 1: Provide the Right Growing Environment

Success with vegetables starts with picking the right location to grow them in. Most vegetables prefer full sun, which encourages strong growth and resilience to pests and diseases. If you haven’t got anywhere in full sun, then grow crops that can cope with shade, such as leafy salads and greens. Cool-season crops like peas will benefit from summer shade in hot climates.

Good soil is the foundation to any successful garden, so make sure that the ground your vegetables grow in is fertile and moisture-retentive yet well-drained. You can improve any soil type by adding well-rotted compost, which can be dug in or left on the soil surface between your crops.

Adding homemade compost to a raised bed

Rule 2: Grow What You Like!

It may seem obvious, but there’s little point in growing what you don’t like! Concentrate on those fruits and vegetables you enjoy eating and you’ll be motivated to keep your crops in good condition and see them through to harvest. By growing your own you can also place your emphasis on flavor, choosing varieties that promise exceptional taste and quality.

Rule 3: Make the Most of the Space You Have

Where space is at a premium, consider directing your growing ambitions towards those vegetables that are hard to find in the grocery store – heritage tomatoes or unusual colors of carrots, for example. It also makes sense to grow crops that are expensive to buy, including most herbs, fruit, leeks, zucchini and pole beans.

Many types and varieties of fruits and vegetables are well-suited to growing in containers. Miniature varieties of vegetables, naturally compact salads and tree fruits grown on dwarfing rootstocks can all turn an empty terrace or balcony into a produce-packed paradise, as long as they're kept well watered in summer.

Adding plants in the GrowVeg Garden Planner

You can use our Garden Planner to maximize the use of your garden space. The Planner will show you exactly how many of each vegetable or fruit you can grow within the space available to you, without overcrowding them. Selecting a crop couldn’t be easier. Simply scroll through the selection bar then click to pick up a crop. Move the cursor to your plan then click and drag to place. The software automatically calculates how many plants can be grown in that area. Click on the accompanying plant list to see the exact numbers of plants required for each crop, making sowing and planting accurate and predictable.

Rule 4: Make Gardening Easy

Don’t let your kitchen garden get ahead of you. Some vegetables require more work than others, so if you haven’t got much time choose vegetables that are easy to grow. For instance, perennial herbs require little maintenance once they’re established and can be picked just when needed.

Pay attention to the descriptions of varieties, and opt for those that are suited to your growing conditions and the time and resources you have available. Pest and disease resistance is worth seeking out if you’re after an easier time!

Garden beds near the house

Locating your vegetable garden nearer to the house will make it easier to tend and harvest, while pots of regularly-used herbs can be positioned right outside the back door. Most crops need watering in dry weather, so make sure there's a water source near to your garden. Install additional water barrels to collect rainwater from greenhouse or shed roofs.

Paths between beds should be wide enough for a wheelbarrow, while beds should be of the right proportions for easy maintenance and crop rotation.

The Garden Planner can help you to lay out your garden like a professional. Lay out the position of paths, beds and containers, include vital garden objects such as compost bins and water barrels, and mark the location of growing aids, for example irrigation lines and plant supports.

A good crop of mixed beans

Rule 5: Timing is of the Essence

Stagger your harvests and enjoy more home-grown produce for longer. Quick-growing crops such as radishes can be sown little and often to spread harvests out. Prolific croppers such as pole beans, chard and zucchini should be picked little and often to encourage more produce to follow. With a little careful planning one crop can be followed immediately with another, so that the ground is continuously occupied and achieving its full potential.

The Garden Planner is a powerful tool to help plan this type of succession cropping. By viewing your plan in a particular month you can see where and when gaps appear. You can then click the custom filter button to show only crops that can be sown or planted in that same month, and choose from the filtered crop choices to fill in the gaps in your plan.

These rules may be simple but they’re incredibly effective at improving results and yields. If you have a must-follow rule you garden by then please share it below.

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Garden Planning Apps

If you need help designing your vegetable garden, try our Vegetable Garden Planner.
Garden Planning Apps and Software

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Show Comments


"This is an especially great post for newbies...plan ahead, tackle what you can realistically handle, and plan ahead...again :)."
Jason on Tuesday 12 January 2016
"Thanks Jason. You're right - planning makes it all so much easier, while breaking things down into manageable sections will avoid that feeling of being intimidated by the task in hand. After all, gardening is to be enjoyed!"
Ben Vanheems on Tuesday 12 January 2016
"Great post! I've just sorted out my garden with vegetable topsoil in time for planting season. Now this gives me plenty of time to plan where everything is going. My garden is an odd shape and so I didn't really plan well for shade and sun last year, meaning I didn't get a good yield. I will definitely take your points into consideration and plan better! Lets home my troublesome pooches don't trod all over my herbs this year. They grew very well. For those who are interested, I bought my topsoil from here: http://www.topsoilshop.co.uk/topsoil-info/vegetable-topsoil Let's see if it works!"
Benjamin Adams on Tuesday 12 January 2016
"Always cover the ground as where I live in the heat and arid conditions plants will die without mulch. I noticed in your videos a lack of mulch so you must have wonderful rainfall."
Dody Bush on Tuesday 9 February 2016
"Yes Dody - there's no shortage of rain where we are! But it's still good practice to add mulches where possible, to feed the soil and ultimately the plants that grow in it."
Ben Vanheems on Tuesday 9 February 2016
"Nice article.Thanks for sharing your views."
Direct Compost on Wednesday 16 March 2016
"This is going to help me with my garden thanks"
ron on Tuesday 30 January 2018

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